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Gabriele Gramelsberger (ed.): From Science to Computational Sciences

Gabriele Gramelsberger (ed.)

From Science to Computational Sciences
Studies in the History of Computing and its Influence on Today‘s Sciences

Softcover, 240 pages

PDF, 240 pages

History of Computing and its Influence

In 1946 John von Neumann stated that science is stagnant along the entire front of complex problems, proposing the use of largescale computing machines to overcome this stagnation. In other words, Neumann advocated replacing analytical methods with numerical ones. The invention of the computer in the 1940s allowed scientists to realise numerical simulations of increasingly complex problems like weather forecasting, and climate and molecular modelling. Today, computers are widely used as computational laboratories, shifting science toward the computational sciences. By replacing analytical methods with numerical ones, they have expanded theory and experimentation by simulation.

During the last decades hundreds of computational departments have been established all over the world and countless computer-based simulations have been conducted. This volume explores the epoch-making influence of automatic computing machines on science, in particular as simulation tools.

  • history of science
  • computer
  • programming / coding
  • computer science
  • computer simulation
  • history of technology

»Wem das zu abgehoben scheint, der möge an die nächste Aschewolke im internationalen Luftraum denken oder an konkurrierende Modelle der Erderwärmung: Die Simulation und ihre Algorithmen bestimmen eben mitunter im Wortsinn, mit welcher Wirklichkeit wir rechnen. Weshalb man sich die Sach schon ein wenig näher ansehen kann.« Helmut Mayer, FAZ

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Gabriele Gramelsberger

Gabriele Gramelsberger

is Professor for Theory of Science and Technology at the RWTH Aachen University. Her current research focus is on the digitalization of science and research as well as on the machine epistemology of artificial intelligence.

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