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Johannes Lenhard: Artificial, False, and Performing Well
Artificial, False, and Performing Well
(p. 165 – 176)

Johannes Lenhard

Artificial, False, and Performing Well

PDF, 12 pages

  • computer
  • history of science
  • computer simulation
  • programming / coding
  • history of technology
  • computer science

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Johannes Lenhard

received his Ph.D. in mathematics and is affiliated with the philosophy department of Bielefeld University. The year 2009/2010 he spent as research associate professor at the history department of the University of South Carolina, Columbia. A main focus of his research in philosophy of science and technology is on computer instrumentation and the diverse modifications of scientific and societal practice it entails.

Other texts by Johannes Lenhard for DIAPHANES
Gabriele Gramelsberger (ed.): From Science to Computational Sciences

In 1946 John von Neumann stated that science is stagnant along the entire front of complex problems, proposing the use of largescale computing machines to overcome this stagnation. In other words, Neumann advocated replacing analytical methods with numerical ones. The invention of the computer in the 1940s allowed scientists to realise numerical simulations of increasingly complex problems like weather forecasting, and climate and molecular modelling. Today, computers are widely used as computational laboratories, shifting science toward the computational sciences. By replacing analytical methods with numerical ones, they have expanded theory and experimentation by simulation.

During the last decades hundreds of computational departments have been established all over the world and countless computer-based simulations have been conducted. This volume explores the epoch-making influence of automatic computing machines on science, in particular as simulation tools.