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Renate Mayntz: Research Technology, the Computer and Scientific Progress
Research Technology, the Computer and Scientific Progress
(p. 195 – 207)

Renate Mayntz

Research Technology, the Computer and Scientific Progress

PDF, 13 pages

  • computer science
  • computer
  • computer simulation
  • history of technology
  • programming / coding
  • history of science

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Renate Mayntz

Renate Mayntz is Founding Director emeritus at the Max-Planck-Institute for the Study of Societies at Cologne. Her general research interests are the development of science and of technology, the relationship between science and politics, transnational structures and »global« governance, and theories of society/social systems. She has published more than thirty books and numerous papers. She received Honorary Doctorates from the University of Paris X – Nanterre, the University of Uppsala, and the European University Institute in Florence.

Gabriele Gramelsberger (ed.): From Science to Computational Sciences

In 1946 John von Neumann stated that science is stagnant along the entire front of complex problems, proposing the use of largescale computing machines to overcome this stagnation. In other words, Neumann advocated replacing analytical methods with numerical ones. The invention of the computer in the 1940s allowed scientists to realise numerical simulations of increasingly complex problems like weather forecasting, and climate and molecular modelling. Today, computers are widely used as computational laboratories, shifting science toward the computational sciences. By replacing analytical methods with numerical ones, they have expanded theory and experimentation by simulation.

During the last decades hundreds of computational departments have been established all over the world and countless computer-based simulations have been conducted. This volume explores the epoch-making influence of automatic computing machines on science, in particular as simulation tools.